The Wall Street Journal said the following about our self-service 401k software back when we introduced it in 1999:
"(It) allows small businesses to manage 401k plans as easily as a consumer navigates family finances with programs such as Quicken" ("Web Helps Small Firms Start 401(k)s," 12/27/99, C1).
Our 401k software (401k Enginuity at www.401kenginuity.com) developed in conjunction with Union Bank of California (UBOC) and customized 401k plan proved so innovative in the 401k forum that it's patented. Features that are proving particularly popular with clients include...
- Point-and-click compliance testing with results in seconds
- Safe harbor plan administration functions
- Monthly participant activity statements
- 401k loans, with automatic balance calculations and automatic payment withdrawals from qualifying contributions
- Employer matching, profit sharing and qualified no elective contribution functions (if any such contributions)
- The ERISA 404c compliance log, which records fulfillment of every request for 401k information of any kind made by an employee
For more than a decade before developing our revolutionary self-service 401k system, we operated as a valued full-service provider of 401k, 403b and other government-sanctioned retirement plans.
Back then, as now, we specialized in plans for small and mid-sized businesses. In fact, we were providing small businesses with affordable plans rich in investment options and plan flexibility long before other 401k providers showed any interest in the small plan market.
Back then, as now, we found that by diverging from the "big plan" administrative setup used by most of the 401k industry, that rethinking the areas that were particularly inefficient, we could cut administrative overhead and save clients money. For instance...
In traditional 401k plan administration, assets are pooled within investments. The plan administrator must then track what portion of the pool belongs to each plan participant. We found this undesirable from the individual investor's standpoint and redundant from an administrative standpoint. So we had the mutual fund companies instead set up INDIVIDUAL asset accounts for each plan participant, negating the need for us to do any per-asset accounting because done by the investment company and detailed in the monthly account statement that each plan participant received from that company. So what we focused on was supplying plan participants with complementary "401k Account Activity" statements that showed the participant how much money came into his or her account (broken down into salary deferrals, employer contributions, incoming rollovers, trust transfers, etc., as applicable) and how much money went out of his or her account (broken down into 401k loans, distributions, etc., as applicable). Our statements of course also noted any loan repayments and other activity, as relevant, as well as the investments into which the participant was currently directing incoming money (for example, 25% to Investment A, 25% to Investment B and 50% to Investment C). So from us plan participants got a breakdown as to how much money entered and exited their account that month (and year and to-date), then from the investment company they got a breakdown of the actual value of that money as invested in each of the participant's designated investments. A much more useful, efficient and complementary (rather than duplicative) system, if we do say so ourselves.
We also created a prototype 401k plan for the IRS to approve that allowed for any of a range of choices for participant eligibility, employer contributions, 401k loans, and more to give clients the potential to create 401k plans that would prove popular with and beneficial to company employees. By using a single, pre-approved plan we saved a great deal of administrative time at each plan's set up; by allowing for lots of pre-approved customization flexibility within that plan, we ensured that clients could design plans truly suited to their needs - not to mention, amend their choices later, if their needs changed.
As a result of all that plan flexibility (including unbeatable investment flexibility), our plans see participant rates that are nearly twice the national average.
Finally, we developed our own 401k administration software to suit our streamlined administration schema.
Our highly efficient software system allowed us to provide valued services - monthly participant account statements and monthly compliance testing, for instance - at no extra charge. Both the frequency of our services (other plans offered them, at best, quarterly or semiannually) and that they were offered at no extra charge was unheard of at the time We knew clients would like the zero price tag, but what really inspired us was the importance of the items. Frequent compliance testing, for instance, is particularly important to smaller plans because small plans, by definition, have fewer participants, and with fewer participants it only takes slightly out of balance contributions by one or two highly compensated employees to overly offset those by non-highly compensated employees. With testing run every month with the contribution processing, companies immediately know if their plan is getting out of balance and can take corrective measures long before the IRS-mandated year-end tests must be run.
By the mid 1990s we had so refined our software system that we saw the possibility that our clients could use a slightly more layman's version to run their 401k plans themselves (and thereby save even more money), that this would be particularly doable if the software was customized to each client's exact plan design choices (investment options, loan policies, etc.), because that would mean that processing could be even more automated. We recognized how simple it would be particularly for companies with 100 or fewer plan participants to do the basic data input and money transferring themselves, because the software does all the bookkeeping work. Our goal became to build a self-service 401k system from our in-house, full-service system and to make that system highly affordable yet flexible and of the highest quality.
In the end, the system we created enabled small business clients to spend less than 15 minutes a month running their company plan and at a cost of less than $1000 year (less than $500 a year for small businesses with only a very few employees). A rounding success for all concerned!
When 401k plans first came on the scene in the late 1970's, all the industry focus was on the big, big companies. Lots of employees meant lots of investment dollars meant lots of revenue for the 401k providers and investment companies. Everything from fee schedules to service regimes was set up to capture and service large 401k plans.
Before long, though, the big plan market was all divvied up. By the late '80s and early '90s some 401k providers developed pared-down 401k plans with which to approach the less colossal businesses. They called the plans "bundled" or "turnkey" plans, because using them was designed to be as simple as turning a key.
Bundled/turnkey plans usually come as a preset package of administration plus investments; "prefabricated" is an alternate adjective that's often used.
Turnkey plans are highly simplified, pared-down versions of the full-fledge 401k plans offered to high-paying companies. Turnkey plans take the decision-making out of creating a 401k plan. They are akin to buying an off-the-rack suit, though: It may fit fine or it may not, but you're stuck with it if there's no tailoring available.
Turnkey plans offer a reduced price in exchange for reduced service, far fewer investment choices, and inflexible plan "options."
Many small and mid-sized companies have adopted turnkey plans, frustrated by the lack of flexibility and truncated service but glad, nonetheless, to have at least some kind of 401k plan for their employees. 401ks rank #2 in employees benefit choices; only health insurance gets more votes.
We, however, did not see the turnkey plans being developed as necessarily the best (or even a good) answer. So while most 401k providers lopping off desirable aspects of their big-business 401k product to create something that was supposed to woo small business clients, we opted to instead develop a 401k product specifically for small and mid-sized clients.
We created what we call a semi-bundled plan. It merged the simplicity and lower cost of turnkey plans with the flexibility and scope of many Fortune 500-type plans.
We developed an innovative approach that allowed plans to include investments from multiple mutual fund companies - for no additional charge. Not only were our clients NOT limited to a preset investment bundle, they had an almost unlimited array of mutual fund families from which to select their plans' investments.
We used IRS-approved prototype documents that allowed plan design flexibility, not to mention popular features such as loans, various types of employer contributions and various administrative approaches (the safe harbor approach, for one). None of the turnkey plans offered such investment and design flexibility.
We created an administrative system that complemented rather than replicated the administrative work being performed by third-party administrators, saving everyone time - and money. We then passed these savings on to our clients.
We were one of the first (and remain one of the few) 401k providers to offer MONTHLY employee statements and MONTHLY compliance testing - at no additional charge, nonetheless.
While most vendors in the 401k industry were scrambling for the big company 401ks, we were concentrating on creating plans suited to small and medium-sized companies. We made sure our plans contained the diverse features and offerings small-scale companies needed at prices they could afford.
Since the mid-1980's we have catered to small and medium-sized companies, providing them with quality full-service plans. We even created a division focused on developing a self-service approach to 401k plan administration and participation (namely, 401k FedForms).
Over the years, many of our clients' businesses have grown substantially. Because our 401k plans allow for wide investment selection and a range of plan options that can be amended at any time, the plans have been able to grow and adapt to clients' burgeoning work-forces.
We keep our 401k plans flexible to clients' needs and changes in those needs, because, however affordable a plan may be, it is of little use if ill-suited to the client's needs.
- Flexible means investment choice - real investment choice, like the entire lineup of MyDiscountBroker.com self-directed discount brokerage account investments, not some mini-mix of proprietary investments.
- Flexible means giving employers say over their plan's participation requirements.
- Flexible means not mandating employer contributions, but allowing them for companies that want to contribute to their employees' accounts.
- Flexible means letting companies select the rate at which they'll make matching, profit-sharing and or qualified non-elective contributions, if any.
- Flexible means letting companies choose the vesting schedule(s) they want for any employer matching and/or profit-sharing contributions being made.
- Flexible means letting employers choose how often they want to open up their plan to new participants (annually, quarterly, monthly...)
- Flexible means creating plans employers are proud to offer to employees; plans with the inherent flexibility to grow and adapt to any changes in needs over the years.
Even if plan participants only rarely change or add to their investment mix during the life of their 401k participation, they like to know they COULD.
- Receiving a 401k enrollment package that offers only a few investment choices rarely goes over well. Investors feel tentative, penned-in - uncertain that this 401k will be the best long-run savings vehicle for them.
- Receiving a 401k enrollment package that offers a broad spectrum of investments gives employees the confidence that, however their savings goals and temperament may change in the years between now and retirement, this 401k has the latitude to meet their retirement investing needs.
- We allow clients to choose families of mutual funds from any of hundreds of providers and/or self-directed brokerage accounts (Scwab, Ameritrade, etc.), which make available to the investor basically all publicly traded investments permitted by the IRS to accept 401k contributions. No spectrum of investments is broader than self-directed brokerage accounts.
- Stocks, bonds, mutual funds, and more are all available with 401k FedForms self-directed discount brokerage accounts.
The driving force behind our self-service 401k software is making 401k plans affordable to small and mid-sized companies while making the plans appealing to their employees.
- We never compromise quality in our pursuit of a low price.
- Our 401k plans are employer-trusted, which means our clients save themselves the annual trustee fees they'd have to pay with many other plans.
- Providing clients with quality service, quality tools, and tremendous investment choice and plan flexibility drive our every product and system development.
Pension Systems Corporation founder, James Gilbert, has been a professional 401k investment advisor for more than 30 years. His career began shortly after the time when the 401k plan first was introduced.
- In his early years, Jim became frustrated by the unwillingness of traditional 401k providers to create 401k plans that fit the needs and budgets of small and medium-sized companies.
- The 401k providers were applying fee schedules and service regimes (not to mention high participation minimums) to all 401k clients despite that the parameters were relevant only to large companies.
- The few available "lower-cost" 401k plans were turnkey plans, which were off-the-rack 401k plans with severely limited investment choices and inflexible plan "options" (such as no loans, preset participation eligibility parameters, and no employer contributions - or worse yet, mandatory employer contributions at a preset rate).
- In 1986 Jim and some like-minded colleagues formed Pension Systems Corporation (PSC) with the goal of creating affordable, flexible 401k plans for small and medium-sized companies.
- The company created The 401k FedForms, full-service 401k designed around an IRS-approved prototype plan that had numerous, pre-approved options to give clients plan flexibility while keeping administrative costs down.
- The company created an administrative system that complemented rather than replicated the administrative work being performed by the investment custodian(s), saving everyone time - and money.
- For the first time, small and medium-sized companies had access to flexible, quality 401k plans at an affordable price.
We continue to provide full-service 401k plans as well as 403(b) plans (for nonprofit organizations), SEPs (for self-employed persons) and other government-sanctioned retirement savings plans along with our self-service products, 401k FedForms and 401(k) Easy for the PC.